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Autumn Budget 2017: the key points at a glanceBack

The Chancellor Philip Hammond delivered his Autumn 2017 Budget on Wednesday. This summary analyses the main changes likely to affect NFDA’s members.

Preparing for Brexit

A further £3 billion were set aside to ensure that the government can continue to prepare effectively for EU exit. Additionally, £1.5 billion of additional funding will be made available in each of 2018‑19 and 2019‑20. Departmental allocations for preparing for EU exit in 2018‑19 will be agreed in early 2018, while departmental allocations for 2019‑20 will be agreed later in 2018‑19, when there is more certainty on the UK’s relationship with the EU.

VAT & Brexit

Businesses currently benefit from postponed accounting for VAT when importing goods from the EU. The government said that will take this into account when considering potential changes following EU exit and will look at options to mitigate any cash flow impacts.



Ultra-low emission vehicles

£200 million will be invested by government and will be matched by private investment into a new £400 million Charging Investment Infrastructure Fund. The Government is committed to electrifying 25% of cars in central government department fleets by 2022. Also, £100 million will guarantee the continuation of the Plug-In Car Grant to 2020.

Connected and Autonomous Vehicles (CAVs)

The Budget confirmed that the government will reform road laws to allow self-driving cars on UK roads by 2021. Regulations will be detailing how driverless cars can be tested without a human safety operator. In addition, the National Infrastructure Commission (NIC) will also launch a new innovation prize to determine how future roadbuilding should adapt to support self-driving cars.


Air quality

In support of the National Air Quality Plan published in July, the government will provide £220 million for a new Clean Air Fund. This will allow local authorities in England with the most challenging pollution problems to help individuals and businesses adapt as measures to improve air quality are implemented. The government is launching a consultation alongside Budget on options that could be supported by this fund. This will be paid for by:


  • a Vehicle Excise Duty (VED) supplement that will apply to new diesel cars first registered from 1 April 2018, so that their First-Year Rate will be calculated as if they were in the VED band above. This will not apply to next-generation clean diesels – those which are certified as meeting emissions limits in real driving conditions, known as Real Driving Emissions Step 2 (RDE2) standards


  • a rise in the existing Company Car Tax diesel supplement from 3% to 4%, with effect from 6 April 2018, which will also apply only to diesel cars that do not meet the Real Driving Emissions Step 2 (RDE2) standards,


In relation to the VED, government will:

  • increase in line with RPI from 1 April 2018 VED rates for cars, vans and motorcycles registered before April 2017 and the First-Year Rates for cars registered after April 2017
  • freeze the Heavy Goods Vehicle (HGV) VED and Road User Levy rates from 1 April 2018. A call for evidence on updating the existing HGV Road User Levy will be launched this autumn. The government will work with the industry to update the Levy so that it rewards hauliers that plan their routes efficiently, to encourage the efficient use of roads and improve air quality
  • from April 2019, exempt zero-emission capable taxis from the VED supplement that applies to expensive cars, consulting in advance on how to define such taxis



Corporation tax: The corporation tax remained unchanged at 19%, which is the lowest in the G20

Fuel Duty: The rise in fuel duty scheduled for April 2018 was cancelled. Fuel duty was frozen for the eight-consecutive year.

Personal Allowance: The tax-free personal allowance will rise by £350 to £11,850, while the threshold for paying the 40 per cent rate will increase from £45,000 to £46,350.

Benefits in kind electric vehicles: From April 2018, there will be no benefit in kind charge on electricity that employers provide to charge employees’ electric vehicles.

Transport Tax

Company cars

The Fuel Benefit Charge and the Van Benefit Charge will both increase by RPI from 6 April 2018.

Fuel duty

Fuel duty will be frozen for the eighth consecutive year in 2018-19

Alternative fuels

The government will review whether the existing fuel duty rates for alternatives to petrol and diesel are appropriate, ahead of decisions at Budget 2018. In the meantime, the government will end the fuel duty escalator for Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG). The LPG rate will be frozen in 2018-19, alongside the main rate of fuel duty.


Property Tax

Business rates: The Government will be ‘increasing the frequency with which the Valuation Office Agency (VOA) revalues non-domestic properties by moving to revaluations every three years following the next revaluation, currently due in 2022’.


The Budget and the Industrial Strategy set out the government’s plan to “build an economy fit for the future”. Some of the key changes include:

  • new regulatory frameworks for AI and driverless cars
  • further £2.3 billion in Research & Development (R&D) in 2021-22 from the Northern Powerhouse Investment Fund
  • increases the R&D expenditure credit to 12%
  • National Retraining Scheme, which will initially focus on the “strategic priorities” of housebuilding and technology
  • Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) to be provided with additional £2.8 million a year funding to “stamp out anti-competitive practices”
  • £1.7 billion Transforming Cities Fund to improve local transport connections
  • Pothole fund: The government is investing an additional £45 million in 2017-18 to tackle around 900,000 potholes across England. However, this was mentioned in the last budget and no additional funding has been allocated.


Apprenticeship levy

The government has confirmed that they “will continue to work with employers on how the apprenticeship levy can be spent so that the levy works effectively and flexibly for industry, and supports productivity across the country”.


National Minimum Wage

The government will increase the National Living Wage by 4.4% from £7.50 to £7.83 from April 2018

  • increasing the rate for 21 to 24 year olds by 4.7% from £7.05 to £7.38 per hour
  • increasing the rate for 18 to 20 year olds by 5.4% from £5.60 to £5.90 per hour
  • increasing the rate for 16 to 17 year olds by 3.7% from £4.05 to £4.20 per hour
  • increasing the rate for apprentices by 5.7% from £3.50 to £3.70 per hour




Posted by Sue Robinson on 24/11/2017